Free Chicken Coop Plans

You can build this hen house with these free chicken coop plans. It is easy to do. All you need is some rough cut lumber, a hammer, nails, and a circular saw. You can even build one with regular dimensional lumber from your local lumber yard. I built one like this for my chickens last fall.

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I have found that with this free chicken coop plans design it is easy to gather the eggs, feed, and water my chickens. I use one of the side boxes for nesting boxes and the other side for easy access to food and water. This coop is similar to the Amish built chicken coops you may have seen for sale for as much as $2,000. I built mine with some left over lumber from another project so it turned out to be free! Lets see how it is done step by step.

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FoundationThe first thing you will want to do is establish a good foundation for your chicken coop. A concrete slab works nice but it is not necessary. It may even be a good idea to support the posts with some landscape path blocks. Then your chickens will have a place they can get out of the sun and fluff their feathers with the exposed dirt. Chickens like to do that in the summer to cool off.

Posts and Joists

Space your landscape blocks 4' apart at two 6' intervals. You will be set up to build a 4x6 foot chicken coop. A hen house this size will comfortably hold 10 – 12 hens.

First you will need to lay 2 4' long 4x4 posts on the ground spaced 6' apart.

Measure up 12 inches and nail your first floor joist in place. I used 2x6 for this because that is what I had, but 2x4 joists might work just as well, after all chickens don't weigh much.

Next do the same thing with another 2 posts.

Now set them up and nail 4' joists to the ends. Nail the rest of the floor joists in place so that they look like this.

Use a square to check all of your posts and joists to be sure they are square and plum.

Floor

Now it's time to build the floor of your chicken coop. I used 1x8 rough cut lumber for this but you may use plywood as well.

Lay the lumber out so that it overhangs the sides of the coop by 1 foot on each side. This is for the side nesting box and the feed and water box. Now nail the flooring material to the joists with 8d nails. Make sure you keep checking for square and that you are careful to get all the boards flush with each other. One trick you can do to save time is to nail the boards down before you cut them to length then measure and mark all the boards and cut them all at the same time.

Girts and Headers

Now you can add your girts and headers to the chicken coop. Make sure to overhang your headers 2” past the posts. This will support the 2 end rafters. It is important to do this so that you will can nail the siding to the rafters and the end joists.

The 2x4 girts will need to be attached 8 inches above the floor it supports the nest box lid, dividers and window.

Rafters

Now build 4 rafters as shown, and attach them to the headers 2' apart. The rafters in these free chicken coop plans have a 10/12 pitch but you may build your rafters with whatever angel suits your tastes. Just make sure to add the cross brace. The cross brace doubles as the top of the door frame.

Roof and Siding

The next step is to attach roof sheathing to the rafters. You can use rough cut 1x8's or plywood to do this. Decide how much of an overhang you want and cut the pieces to fit. Now attach 1x8 vertical siding to the front and back of the coop leaving an opening for the door.

The only siding you need to attach to the sides are single pieces to cover the posts, the rest of the sides will be covered by the nesting boxes and windows.

Nesting Boxes

After you nail the siding in place cut some pieces for the nesting boxes and food box as shown. Make 4 end pieces, 2 lids, 2 sides, and 4 dividers.

Assemble all the pieces as shown. Make sure to space the dividers at 1 foot increments to make comfortable sized nesting boxes. Attach the lids with hinges, use a scrap piece wood to support the lids in an open position.

Windows

All you need for the windows is some hardware cloth and 2 pieces of 1x stock cut to fit the opening. Attach the hardware cloth to the inside of the opening with staples and the 1x to the outside with hinges on the top. Cut some scrap pieces to support the window covers when you want them to be open.

Door

Now you can build your door. Use 1x4's to frame it out as shown and plywood or rough cut lumber to fill in the frame. Attach hinges and a latch. A garden gate latch works well for this or you can make a simple turn latch with a piece of scrap lumber and a nail.

Finishing Touches

There are a few things you can do to add some finishing touches to your chicken coop. Cut a small hole about 8x10 inches for the chickens to go in and out. Use a 2 foot long piece of 1x8 to make a ramp. Cover the eves with 1x or plywood. Nail shingles or other roofing to the roof boards. Build an outdoor covered chicken run. And, finally paint your new chicken coop to match your backyard decor.

Now that you have a coop, you will need to choose the right chickens for your new coop!  

Free Chicken Coop Materials List:

Legs:

2- 4x4" 8 foot

Floor joists:

2x6" or 2x4" 

1- 8 foot

11- 6 foot

Header:

2- 2x6" 8 foot

2- 2x4" 6 foot

Rafter:

8- 2x4" 6 foot

1- 2x4" 8 foot

Gable End Siding:

16- 1x6" 6 foot

4- 1x6" 4 foot

Roof Sheathing:

14- 1x6" 8 foot

Nest box trim:

2- 1x2" 6 foot

Nest box:

3- 1x8" 8 foot

2- 1x2" 6 foot

2- 1x8" 6 foot

Windows:

2- 1x6" 6 foot

2- 1x8" 6 foot

Door:

2- 1x3" 2 foot

3- 1x3" 4 foot

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Other Chicken Coop Stories

Click below to see chicken coop stories from other visitors to this page...

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The Plans were great. I started it with my 3 year old daughter, trying to involve her. It was quite a fun project, but I pretty much did it alone. …

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Thank you so much for the awesome plans..... :-)

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I based my coop off of the plans on this page. I changed it up a little & made the whole back side a door. I also made the sides of the nesting boxes …

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My wife decided we need some chickens for our little farm so I told her I'd build her a coop. After looking at multiple designs I fell in love with the …

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In the middle of building this coop as I type this. I have made several changes to this plan and I'm just using the basic design. I have a large stack …

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Hello, I used your photos and assembled my chicken coop. for my first time it came out well enough to house 8 birds, I built it in the backyard, it kinda …

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Hi I constructed a modified version of this excellent design. Thanks for the initial inspiration for my new chicken palace :=] I built it last summer …

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We are a community garden in East London UK ( Greening Brownfield ) fb site if you are intrested. We have used your eggselent plan to build our coop. …

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We build this coop but goofed on the base so it ended up 5 x 7. Then we added more windows and vinyl flooring and still need to paint and trim it plus …

Marans Coop Not rated yet
Just wanted to say thanks for the great plans. Here's a few photos of my coop. My Black Copper Marans Love it and so does my wife.

The Coop Not rated yet
Having alot of fun building my coop with the help of my good friend Ken. We used old telephone pole cross arms for our legs and main beams across for …

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Me and my 9 year old daughter just finished our Chicken Sanctuary. She is very interested in chickens, so we constructed " Ireland's Chicken Sanctuary". …

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4x4 Portable Chicken Coops and Plans

Click here to learn more about this great little chicken coop, perfect for your backyard!